Foods in the Bible

(arranged alphabetically)

  • Almonds—Genesis 43:11; Numbers 17:8

  • Anise—Matthew 23:23
  • Apples—Song of Solomon 2:5; Joel 1:12
  • Barley—Ruth 2:23
  • Barley Bread—2 Kings 4:42
  • Beans or Pulse, also known as Legumes—2 Samuel 17:28;
  • Beef—Deuteronomy 14:4
  • Bitter Herbs (dandelion greens, watercress, arugula, parsley, cilantro)—Exodus 12:8
  • Bison (Pygarg)—Deuteronomy 14:5
  • Bread—Luke 22:19
  • Butter—Isaiah 7:22
  • Carob (St. John’s Bread)—Matthew3:4; Mark 1:6 (akris: this Greek word for locusts can apply to either an insect or the top of a tree or plant.  Many believe this to be St. John’s Bread or Carob which grew wild around the river Jordan .  It is named for John the Baptist).
  • Cinnamon—Exodus 30:23
  • Coriander—Exodus 16:31; Numbers 11:7
  • Corn—Ruth 2:14; I Samuel 17:17
  • Cheese—I Samuel 17:18
  • Chicken—Matthew 23:37
  • Cinnamon—Exodus 30:23; Revelations 18:13
  • Cucumbers—Numbers 11:5
  • Cumin or Cummin—Isaiah 28:25
  • Curds (Cottage and Ricotta Cheese)—Genesis 18:8
  • Dates—2 Samuel 6:19
  • Dill—Matthew 23:23
  • Dried Fruits—Genesis 3:2
  • Eggs—Job 6:6
  • Figs—Numbers 13:23; I Samuel 25:18
  • Fish with Scales (Anchovies, Bass, Cod, Flounder, Haddock, Halibut, Herring, Mackerel, Orange Roughy, Perch, Pike, Pollack, Salmon, Sardines, Tilapia, Trout, Tuna, Turbot, Whitefish & Whiting, among others)—Deuteronomy 14:9; Leviticus 11:9
  • Flax Seed—Exodus 9:31
  • Flour (Whole Meal)—Ezekiel 16:19; Numbers 6:15
  • Fruits (All)—Genesis 1:29
  • Garlic—Numbers 11:5
  • Goat—Deuteronomy 14:4
  • Grapes—Deuteronomy 24:21
  • Grape Juice (New Wine)—Zechariah 9:17
  • Grasshoppers, Crickets & Locusts—Leviticus 11:22
  • Herbs (Leafy Plants) and Vegetables-–Genesis 1:29; Proverbs 15:17
  • Herbs (Seasonings)—Proverbs 27:25; Matthew 13:32
  • Honey—Proverbs 24:13; Proverbs 25:16 (warning to use moderation)
  • Hyssop (Capers)—Psalms 51:7; John 19:29
  • Lamb & Sheep—Deuteronomy 14:4
  • Leeks—Numbers 11:5
  • Lentils—Genesis 25:34
  • Leaven (Yeast)—Leviticus 23:17; Galatians 5:9
  • Marjoram(Hyssop)—Exodus 12:22
  • Meats—Deuteronomy 14; Leviticus 11
  • Melon—Numbers 11:5
  • Milk—Isaiah 7:21-22
  • Millet—Ezekiel 4:9
  • Mint—Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42
  • Mulberry—2 Samuel 5:24; 1 Chorinthians 14:14
  • Mustard Seeds—Mark 4:31; Luke 13:19
  • Nuts—Song of Solomon 6:11
  • Olives and Olive Oil—Leviticus 2:4; Deuteronomy 8:8
  • Onions—Numbers 11:5
  • Pistachio Nuts—Genesis 43:11
  • Pomegranates—Numbers 13:23
  • Poultry including Chicken, Duck, Goose, Pheasant, Pigeons, Quail, Turkey—Deuteronomy 14:11
  • Quail—Exodus 16:13
  • Raisins—2 Samuel 16:1
  • Rye—Isaiah 28:25
  • Saffron—Song of Solomon 4:14
  • Salt—Leviticus 2:13; Luke 14:34
  • Sourdough Bread—Leviticus 23:17; Amos 4:5
  • Spelt (Fitches)—Ezekiel 4:9
  • Spices—1 Kings 10:10
  • Squash (Gourds)—2 Kings 4:39
  • Sweet Cane (Sucanat or Evaporated Cane Juice)—Isaiah 43:24; Jeremiah 6:20
  • Unleavened Bread (Tortillas, Flat Bread, Chapatis)—Genesis, 19:3; Exodus 29:2
  • Venison—Deuteronomy 14:5
  • Vinegar—Ruth 2:14
  • Water—Genesis 21:19; John 4:7
  • Wheat—Ruth 2:23; Psalm 81:16
  • Wheat bread—Exodus 29:2
  • Wine—John 2:1-10, 1 Timothy 5:23
  • Yogurt (Butter of Kine)—Deuteronomy 32:14

Forbidden:

  • Blood—Leviticus 7:26

  • Camel—Leviticus 11:4
  • Catfish—Deuteronomy 14:10
  • Fat from animals—Leviticus 7:23
  • Fish without Scales—Leviticus 11:12
  • Ostrich & Emu—Leviticus 11:13
  • Pork or Swine—Leviticus 11:7
  • Rabbit—Leviticus 11:6
  • Shellfish (shrimp, crab, lobster, clams etc. . . )—Leviticus 11:12
  • Snail—Leviticus 11:30
  • Tortise—Leviticus 11:29

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